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The 10 Largest Hispanic Origin Groups: Characteristics, Rankings, Top Counties

Washington, DC – Among the 50.7 million Hispanics in the United States, nearly two-thirds (65%), or 33 million, self-identify as being of Mexican origin, according to tabulations of the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS) by the Pew Hispanic Center, a project of the Pew Research Center. No other Hispanic subgroup rivals the size of the Mexican-origin population. Puerto Ricans, the nation’s second largest Hispanic origin group, make up just 9% of the total Hispanic population in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Overall, the 10 largest Hispanic origin groups——Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Salvadorans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians, Hondurans, Ecuadorians and Peruvians——make up 92% of the U.S. Hispanic population. Six Hispanic origin groups have populations greater than 1 million.


Hispanic origin groups differ from each other in a number of ways. For instance, U.S. Hispanics of Mexican origin have the lowest median age, at 25 years, while Hispanics of Cuban origin have the highest median age, at 40 years. Colombians are the most likely to have a college degree (32%) while Salvadorans are the least likely (7%). Ecuadorians have the highest annual median household income ($50,000) while Dominicans have the lowest ($34,000). Half of Hondurans do not have health insurance——the highest share among Hispanic origin groups. By contrast, just 15% of Puerto Ricans do not have health insurance.

Hispanic origin groups also differ in their geographic concentration. The nation’s Cuban population is the most concentrated——nearly half (48%) live in Florida’s Miami-Dade County. Miami-Dade County is also home to the nation’s largest Colombian, Honduran and Peruvian communities. For Mexicans, Salvadorans and Guatemalans, Los Angeles County in California contains each group’s largest community. The largest Puerto Rican and Dominican communities are in Bronx County, New York. The largest Ecuadorian community is in Queens County, New York.


Hispanic origin is based on self-described family ancestry or place of birth in response to questions in the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. It is not necessarily the same as place of birth, nor is it indicative of immigrant or citizenship status. For example, a U.S. citizen born in Los Angeles of Mexican immigrant parents or grandparents may (or may not) identify his or her country of origin as Mexico. Likewise, some immigrants born in Mexico may identify another country as their origin depending on the place of birth of their ancestors.

The data for this report are derived from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 American Community Survey, which provides detailed geographic, demographic and economic characteristics for each group.

Accompanying this report are profiles of the 10 largest Hispanic origin sub-groups and an interactive graphic showing characteristics and top counties for each group.
The report, “The 10 Largest Hispanic Origin Groups: Characteristics, Rankings, Top Counties,” authored by Seth Motel and Eileen Patten, both Research Assistants at the Pew Hispanic Center, is available at the Pew Hispanic Center’s website,

The National Hispanic University Receives $1.5 Million Grant for College Preparation Program

SAN JOSE, Calif., July 5, 2012 /PRNewswire-HISPANIC PR WIRE/—The National Hispanic University has received a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education to continue the school’s Upward Bound program, a pre-college, early intervention program that provides high school students with academic instruction on campus in mathematics, science, composition, literature and foreign languages. In addition, the program provides enrichment activities and a residential college program in the summer.

“We are extremely pleased that our program is once again being funded and that we can continue serving the students and families of our community,” said Candelario Franco, director of pre-college TRIO programs at The National Hispanic University. “The new grant will allow us to provide tutoring, counseling and instruction to more than 70 students in order to help them navigate through high school and, ultimately, succeed in their higher education pursuits.”

The Upward Bound program is funded through TRIO, a set of federal outreach and student services programs that motivate and support students from low-income, first-generation backgrounds in their pursuit of a college degree. The program was established at The National Hispanic University in 1989 and helps students bridge the gap between their performance and their potential.

“I am grateful to The National Hispanic University and its Upward Bound program as the program has enriched my education, provided me with resources and given me an edge in my college pursuit,” said Francisco Velazco, an Upward Bound student who will attend college in the fall.

The National Hispanic University also administers two other TRIO programs: the Esperanza Educational Talent Search, which provides college preparation support services to students from six local high schools, and the TRIO Scholars Program, which provides college students with free tutoring services, academic and cultural development and other support to assist them in graduating from college.

For additional information about the Upward Bound program and The National Hispanic University, visit

About The National Hispanic University
For 30 years, The National Hispanic University has provided Hispanic students and others with access to quality higher education. The university offers a diverse portfolio of undergraduate, graduate and certificate programs in business, teacher education, child development and computer science, delivered in a multicultural, collaborative and supportive learning environment. The National Hispanic University is accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). The campus is located in San Jose, Calif. For more information, visit
SOURCE The National Hispanic University